By Roy W. Perrett
This wide-ranging creation to classical Indian philosophy is philosophically rigorous with no being too technical for rookies. via specific explorations of the complete variety of Indian philosophical matters, together with a few metaphilosophical concerns, it presents readers with non-Western views on important components of philosophy, together with epistemology, good judgment, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of faith. Chapters are based thematically, with every one together with feedback for additional examining. this gives readers with an educated evaluate when permitting them to target specific themes if wanted. Translated Sanskrit texts are observed via authorial reasons and contextualisations, giving the reader an realizing of the argumentative context and philosophical sort of Indian texts. a close word list and a advisor to Sanskrit pronunciation equip readers with the instruments wanted for interpreting and figuring out Sanskrit phrases and names. The ebook could be a necessary source for either newcomers and complex scholars of philosophy and Asian studies.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Indian Philosophy
Nyāya is the school of logic and argument and Vaiśeṣika is the atomistic tradition. Their root sūtras are, respectively, Gautama's Nyāyasūtra (second century) and Kaṇāda's Vaiśeṣikasūtra (second century). Although Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika were originally two separate schools with separate sūtras, they soon come to be regarded as a single syncretic school (Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika) specializing in logic, epistemology and metaphysics. Mīmāṃsā is the school of scriptural exegesis, focusing on the earlier Vedic texts, and its root sūtra is Jaimini's Mīmāṃsāsūtra (first century).
And the modern period is the period characterized by the contact of inheritors of the earlier tradition with new influences, particularly from the West. While the primary focus in succeeding chapters of this book is on texts from the classical and medieval periods of Indian philosophy, a few words more about all four periods may be helpful to the reader in contextualizing what is to follow. The ancient period of Indian philosophy The earliest Indian religious texts are the Vedas. These include hymns to the gods and manuals of sacrificial ritual, but also the beginnings of Indian philosophy proper.
But, alas, no such consensus obtains among philosophers – Western or Indian. Some have felt, however, that at least we can specify some plausible necessary conditions, conditions that would exclude Indian thought from being philosophy. The difficulty for such a project, however, is to specify plausible necessary conditions on philosophy such that they are satisfied by Western philosophy, but not Indian philosophy. For example, it is sometimes complained that the Indian thinkers were motivated by religious concerns, and hence were not really philosophers.
An Introduction to Indian Philosophy by Roy W. Perrett