Read e-book online American Herbal Pharmacopoeia : Botanical Pharmacognosy - PDF

By Ray Upton et al. (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1420073281

ISBN-13: 9781420073287

Winner of the James A. Duke Award for Excellence in Botanical Literature Award from the yank Botanical CouncilCompiled through the yank natural Pharmacopoeia®, this quantity addresses the shortcoming of authoritative microscopic descriptions of these medicinal plant species at present in exchange. It contains an atlas offering specified textual content and picture descriptions of greater than a hundred and forty medicinal plant species and their  Read more...

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Additional info for American Herbal Pharmacopoeia : Botanical Pharmacognosy - Microscopic Characterization of Botanical Medicines.

Sample text

8 Materia Medica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Pharmacognosy—The Child of the Microscope . . . . 11 In Search of the “Magic Bullet” . . . . . . . . . 15 Pharmacognosy—A Shift to “Grind and Find” . . . . 19 Botanical Microscopy—Pharmacy’s Unique Contribution to Science . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Microscopic Sleuthing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Specificity of Microscopy . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Quality Assurance of Herbal Ingredients .

2000) and Stermitz, Tawara-Matsuda, et al. (2000) (reported by Kinghorn 2001) found that the antibacterial activity of berberine derived from the traditionally used Native American botanical Berberis fremontii against resistant Staphylococcus aureus was potentiated by the presence of two other constituents contained within the plant: the flavonolignin 5ʹ-methoxyhydnocarpin and the porphyrin pheophorbide a (Figure 5). Although both compounds potentiated the activity of subthreshold concentrations of berberine, neither elicited any antibiotic activity alone (Kinghorn 2001).

Pharmacopeia Reduction of plant drugs to approximately 50 1955 Goodman and Gilman “Pharmacognosy is that branch of pharmacology which deals with the physical characteristics of crude drugs. It is purely a descriptive science. ” 1956 Thomas Wallis (1853–1973), professor of pharmacognosy (UK) in a letter to E. J. Shellard, London (1956) “Pharmacognosy is the most liberal and humanistic of all pharmaceutical studies and should be preserved at all costs. ” 1960–1970 Beal, Fairbairn, Hörhammer, Ramstad, Schwarting, Shellard, Shibata, Sticher, Tsunematsu, Tokushima, Tyler, Wagner In Japan, the United States, and United Kingdom, these pharmacognosists spearhead the transition of pharmacognosy from a descriptive botanical discipline to one having a more chemical focus (Tyler and Tyler 1992).

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American Herbal Pharmacopoeia : Botanical Pharmacognosy - Microscopic Characterization of Botanical Medicines. by Ray Upton et al. (eds.)

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