By Pieter Vermaas, Peter Kroes, Maarten Franssen, Ibo van de Poel, Wybo Houkes
In A Philosophy of expertise: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical platforms, expertise is analysed from a sequence of alternative views. The research starts off through focussing at the so much tangible items of expertise, referred to as technical artefacts, after which builds step-wise in the direction of contemplating these artefacts inside of their context of use, and eventually as embedded in encompassing sociotechnical structures that still comprise people as operators and social principles like laws. Philosophical characterisations are given of technical artefacts, their context of use and of sociotechnical structures. Analyses are awarded of ways technical artefacts are designed in engineering and what sorts of technological wisdom is serious about engineering. And the problem is taken into account how engineers and others can or can't impression the improvement of expertise. those characterisations are complemented through moral analyses of the ethical prestige of technical artefacts and the chances and impossibilities for engineers to steer this prestige whilst designing artefacts and the sociotechnical structures during which artefacts are embedded. The working instance within the booklet is aviation, the place aeroplanes are examples of technical artefacts and the area aviation method is an instance of a sociotechnical procedure. matters relating to the layout of quiet aeroplane engines and the factors of aviation injuries are analysed for illustrating the ethical prestige of designing, and the function of engineers therein. desk of Contents: Technical Artefacts / Technical Designing / Ethics and Designing / Technological wisdom / Sociotechnical structures / The function of Social elements in Technological improvement / Ethics and unintentional results of expertise
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Additional resources for A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical Systems (Synthesis Lectures on Engineers, Technology, and Society)
42 3. ETHICS AND DESIGNING might assert that engineers therefore prescribe certain actions to the users and thereby design the norms for proper use of the artefact in question. Depending upon the exact nature of their content, these norms can also have moral relevance. The goal realised by the execution of a use plan is often morally relevant.
This justification may sometimes exist of giving a demonstration that a prototype artefact with structure S indeed is able to perform the desired function F . 1. CHARACTERISING TECHNICAL DESIGNING 23 further extend to, for instance, the necessary manufacturing facilities, including the technological infrastructure required for maintenance and repair. Methodologically, and in terms of timeframes, the core activity of designing is not, moreover, isolated but rather intertwined through all kinds of feedback loops with the preceding and ensuing phases.
This shift in attention can partly be attributed to the increased use of computers, for thanks to computers, it has become much easier to consult databases to find out about the properties of existing designs, and so the whole process of analysing has become far less time-consuming. The conceptual phase is sometimes described as a phase in which the designing engineer ‘decomposes’ the intended function F in an ordered series of subfunctions f1 , f2 , … fn without at the same time immediately opting for existing components for fulfilling those subfunctions.
A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical Systems (Synthesis Lectures on Engineers, Technology, and Society) by Pieter Vermaas, Peter Kroes, Maarten Franssen, Ibo van de Poel, Wybo Houkes